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The incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Krishna was born to Devaki and Vasudeva in Mathura and looked after by Nand and Yashoda in Vrindavan. The mischievous Lord is prayed to mostly in his baby and youth form widely across India and beyond. The sole objective of Sri Krishna’s birth was to free the Earth from the evilness of demons. He played an important role in Mahabharata and propagated the theory of bhakti and good karma which are narrated deeply in the Bhagvad Gita.
Krishna is easily recognized by his representations. Though his skin color may be depicted as black or dark in some representations, particularly in murtis, in other images such as modern pictorial representations, Krishna is usually shown with blue skin. He has been described as having skin, the color of Jambul (Jamun, a purple-colored fruit). He is also known to have four symbols of the jambu fruit on his right foot as mentioned in the Srimad Bhagavatam commentary.
Krishna is often depicted wearing a silk golden yellow dhoti, and a peacock feather crown. In this form, he usually stands with one leg bent in front of the other in the Tribhanga posture, accompanied by cows, emphasising his position as the divine herdsman, Govinda, or with the gopis(milkmaids).Other depictions show him stealing butter from neighboring houses in the form of Gopalakrishna, defeating the vicious serpent in the form of Navneet Chora or Gokulakrishna or lifting the Govardhan hill in the form of Giridhara Krishna. Still other depictions recount other childhood exploits.
Representations in temples often show him standing in a bent posture, holding a flute in his hand accompanied with his consort Radha and gopis. Seldomly he is shown with his brother Balarama and sister Subhadra, or his queens Rukmini and Satyabhama. Krishna is also depicted and worshipped as an infant (Bala Krishna), crawling on his hands and knees, or dancing, often with butter or Laddu in his hand being Laddu Gopal. Regional variations in the iconography of Krishna are seen in his different forms, such as Jagannath of Odisha, Vithoba of Maharashtra, Venkateswara (also Srinivasa or Balaji) in Andhra Pradesh, and Shrinathji in Rajasthan and also as a new born cosmic infant sucking his toe while floating on a banyan leef during the Pralaya (the cosmic dissolution) at the end of universe observed by sage Markandeya.
Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm in India in the month of July or August. According to the Hindu calendar this religious festival is celebrated on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksh or the 8th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadon.
He was born around 5,200 years ago in Mathura. The actual celebration of Janmashtami takes place during the midnight as Sri Krishna is believed to be borned on a dark, stormy and windy night to end the rule and violence of his uncle, Kansa. All over India this day is celebrated with devotional songs and dances, pujas, arti, blowing of the Conch and rocking the cradle of baby Sri Krishna. The Janmashtami celebration of Mathura and Vrindavan, the places where Sri Krishna had spent his life, are very special. On this day temples and homes are wonderfully decorated and illuminated. Night long prayers are offered and religious mantras are sung in the temples.
Recitation of the mantras dedicated to Sri Krishna is believed to be a great purifying act in the age of Kalyuga where sinful acts gain importance. These mantras provide spiritual solace and peace of mind which is unmatched.
Krishna Moola Mantra
ॐ कृष्णाय नमः
“Om Krishnaya Namah”
Meaning : ‘Accept my salutations, Oh Sri Krishna.’
Benefit : This small chant is often recited by believers in their daily course of life.
Hare Krishna Maha Mantra
It is a 16-word Vaishnava mantra, the most famous mantra of Lord Krishna, which first appeared in the Kali-Santarana Upanishad.
हरे कृष्ण हरे कृष्ण कृष्ण कृष्ण हरे हरे
हरे राम हरे राम राम राम हरे हरे
“Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare”
Meaning : Ode to Sri Krishna and Lord Rama who are both two bodies but one being, as they are the incarnation of Sri Hari Vishnu.
Benefit : This divine mantra is chanted by believers to take them on a higher spiritual plane and transport them into another divine world, directly connecting their soul with Sri Krishna. This mantra is derived from the repository of knowledge – the Vedas. Both these names are the ultimate truth and hence give immense peace of mind.
Sri Krishna Mantra For Success
ॐ श्री कृष्णः शरणं ममः
“Om Sri Krishnah sharanam mamah”
Meaning : ‘To the beloved Lord Krishna I pray to take me under your shelter, I surrender to you Oh lord.’
Benefit : A chant of Sri Krishna’s name takes away all the miseries and grief’s from one’s life and mind and gives him the shelter of peace.
Krishna Gayatri Mantra
“ॐ देव्किनन्दनाय विधमहे
“Aum Devkinandanaye Vidmahe
Tanno Krishna Prachodayat”
Meaning : ‘Lord Krishna is constantly governing the thoughts of ascetics (yogis) in meditation. The divine Krishna is limitless and not even Gods or demons can define the limit of Sri Krishna. To such a supreme deity I offer my salutations. Accept my regards Oh lord.’
Benefit : A chant of Sri Krishna’s name takes away all the miseries and griefs from one’s life and mind.
Shri Krishna Aarti
आरती युगलकिशोर की कीजै, तन मन न्यौछावर कीजै
गौरश्याम मुख निरखन लीजे, हरी का स्वरुप नयन भरी पीजै
रवि शशि कोटि बदन की शोभा. ताहि निरिख मेरो मन लोभा
ओढे नील पीट पट सारी . कुंजबिहारी गिरिवरधारी
फूलन की सेज फूलन की माला . रतन सिंहासन बैठे नंदलाला
कंचन थार कपूर की बाती . हरी आए निर्मल बही छाती
श्री पुरषोत्तम गिरिवरधारी. आरती करत सकल ब्रजनारी
नन्द -नंदन ब्रजभान किशोरी . परमानन्द स्वामी अविचल जोरी
Aarti Yugalkishore Ki Kijay. Tann Mann Nyochavar Kijay.
Gaurshyam Mukh Nirkhan Leejay. Hari Ka Swaroop Nayan Bhari Peejay.
Ravi Shashi Koti Badan Ki Shobha. Tahi Nirakh Mero Mann Lobha.
Odde Neel Peet Pat Sari. Kunj Bihari Girivardhari.
Phulan Ki Sej Phulan Ki Mala. Ratan Sinhasan Baithe Nandlala.
Kanchan Thar Kapur Ki Bati. Hari Aye Nirmal Bahi Chhati.
Shree Purshottam Girivardhari. Aarti Karat Sakal Brajanari.
Nand-Nandan Brajbhan Kishori. Parmanand Swami Avichal Jori.
Benefit: This is one of the strongest invocations of Sri Krishna which is wonderful to listen and to absorb in. Reading of this strotram makes the Lord stay in favour of the individual.
Thus, we can see that he is true to his name ‘Shri Krishna’ which means ‘ the one who is capable of attracting everyone.’ The name Krishna also means ‘absolute truth’. He is the eight and most famous avatar of Lord Vishnu who is symbolized as the best example of truth, love, dharma and courage.
These most popular mantras of Shri Krishna are recited by devotees all over the world. To get best result, one should chant the Sri Krishna Mantra sitting in front of a Krishna idol or picture early in the morning after taking a bath and freshening the mind of all engaging thoughts.
Regular chanting gives peace of mind and keeps away all the evils from one’s life, making him/her healthy, wealthy and prosperous.
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