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Surya, the chief of the Navagraha ( the nine Classical planets) and important elements of Hindu astrology, is the main solar deity in Hinduism and generally referred to as the Sun in Nepal and India.
He is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by seven horses which might represent the seven colors of the rainbow or the seven chakras in the body. He is also the presiding deity of Sunday. The Sun God is shown with 4 hands, three of which are carrying a wheel, a conch-shell and a lotus respectively and the fourth is see in the Abhay Mudra.
Being the source of warmth and light, he has the ability to control the seasons and the power to withhold or grant the ripening of the crops. As the economy is mainly agricultural based, the Sun is placed amongst the highest of the Gods, especially for the agricultural communities.
He is also known as the “pratyakshadaivam” – the only God visible to us every day. The Sun God is “Karma Sakshi”, who has eternal wisdom and knowledge. He is the Source of all life, and it is because of him that life exists. Thanks to the energy from his rays, life on Earth is sustained.
There are different forms of Surya and they are :
- Arka form : “Arka” form is worshiped mostly in North India and Eastern parts of India. The temples dedicated to the “Arka” form of Surya are Konark Temple in Orissa, Uttararka and Lolarka in Uttar Pradesh, and Balarka in Rajasthan.
- Mitra form : Surya is also known as “Mitra” for his life nourishing properties. The Mitra form of ‘Surya’ had been worshiped mostly in Gujarat.
There are several festivals dedicated to Sun God, Surya in India and are as follows :
- Pongal or Makara Sankaranti :
It is the most widely celebrated Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God. It is celebrated as Makara Sankranti in many parts of India and as Pongal by Tamils all over the world. People thank the Sun God for ensuring a good harvest and dedicate the first grain to him.
- Chhath :
It is another Hindu festival dedicated to Surya. It is believed to be started by Karna, the son of Surya, who became a great warrior and fought against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. Chhath is unique to Bihar, Jharkhand, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Nepal.
- Samba Dashami :
It is celebrated in the eastern coastal state of Odisha in the honour of Samba, the son of Krishna who was cured of leprosy by praying to Surya.
- Ratha Saptami :
It is a Hindu festival that falls on the seventh day of the bright half of the Hindu month Maagha. This day is also known as Surya Jayanti because it celebrates the power of the Sun God.
To invoke the Sun God, various Mantras are chanted everyday by thousands of devotees. They are salutations to Lord Surya (The Sun), the giver of energy to the world, for self vitalization.
Powerful Surya Mantra
Surya Namaskar Mantra
Surya Namaskara is performed before the sunrise. The mantras are recited to pray Lord Surya and sandals, flowers, rice grains are offered with water. There are 12 mantras which are different names of Sun God. With each posture, a particular mantra is chanted. Surya Namaskar Mantras are :
- “Aum Mitraya Namah”
- “Aum Ravayre Namah”
- “Aum Suryaya Namah”
- “Aum Bhanave Namah”
- “Aum Khagaya Namah“
- “Aum Pushne Namah”
- “Aum Hiranyagarbhaya Namah”
- “Aum Marichaye Namah”
- “Aum Adityaya Namah”
- “Aum Savitre Namah”
- “Aum Arkaya Namah”
- “Aum Bhaskaraya Namah”
- Who is friendly to all.
- The shining one, the radiant one.
- Who is the dispeller of darkness and responsible for bringing activity.
- One who illumines, the bright one.
- Who is all-pervading, one who moves through the sky.
- Giver of nourishment and fulfillment.
- Who has golden color brilliance.
- The giver of light with infinite number of rays.
- The son of Aditi, the cosmic divine Mother.
- One who is responsible for life.
- Worthy of praise and glory.
- Giver of wisdom and cosmic illumination.’
Benefit : Surya Namaskar mantras, a set of mantras chanted along with a combination of few Yogasana postures, are useful in achieving concentration. It is a wonderful regular routine of exercise, prayer and worship given as in the scriptures.
Surya Beej Mantra
Powerful Beej Mantra of Lord Surya gives positive vibrations and grace from the Lord Sun.
ॐ हराम हरिम ह्रौं सह सूर्याय नमः
“Om Hraam Hreem Hraum Sah Suryay Namah”
Meaning : ‘I salute the Great Sun God for his Divine grace.’
Benefit : The Surya Beej mantra has the magnificent power to create a life of abundance & fame with prosperity & austerity and also has the healing powers to remove diseases and negative impacts of any nature.
Surya Gayatri Mantra
Best time to chant this most powerful Surya mantra is during eclipse of the sun and Sunday mornings at sunrise. April 12th to 23rd is most auspicious for Sun Worship, so one should try to spend more time reciting the mantra during this period.
ॐ भास्कराय विद्महे महादुत्याथिकराया धीमहि तनमो आदित्य प्रचोदयात
“Om Bhaskaray Vidmahe Martanday Dheemahi Tanah Surya Prachodayat”
Meaning : ‘ Om, Let me meditate on the Sun God, Oh, maker of the day, give me higher intellect, And let Sun God illuminate my mind.’
Benefit : This liberating mantra when chanted every day with full concentration in praise of the Sun God, produces positive energy and divine blessings from the Sun God.
It strengthens one’s body, purifies his mind and uplifts him spiritually. The mantra can provide one with fame and success anywhere and everywhere.
नमः सूर्याय शान्ताय सर्वरोग निवारिणे
आयु ररोग्य मैस्वैर्यं देहि देवः जगत्पते ||
“Namah Suryaya Shantaya Sarvaroga Nivaarine
Ayu rarogya maisvairyam dehi devah jagatpate”
Meaning: ‘O! Lord Surya, ruler of the universe, you are the remover of all diseases, the repository of peace. I bow to you and please bless your devotees with long life, health, and wealth.’
Benefit :To bask in the divine grace of the Sun God, this Mantra can be chanted. It is known to eradicate diseases from its roots and help develop the physical and mental endurance required to overcome all of life’s obstacles.
Aditya Hrudhayam Mantra
The word ‘Hridaya’ means that which is especially nourishing and healing for the heart or heart of Aditya. The word hridayam refers to the One who is shining or dwelling in the heart.
आधित्य ह्रुधाय पुण्यं सर्व सथृ विनासनं
जयावहं जबे नित्यं अक्षयं परमं शिवं
“Aadhitya Hrudhaya Punyam Sarva Sathru Vinaasanam
Jayaavaham Jabe nithyam Akshayam Paramam Shivam ||”
Meaning : This mantra can be used to thank Surya Dev.
Benefit : The brightness of the Sun grants one knowledge and the power to work fast when he chants this Mantra. Invoking the Sun God by this mantra makes one fearless The negative thoughts of ego, anger, greed, desire and treachery are also cleansed from his mind.
Thus, we can see that chanting of the Surya Mantras helps one to begin the journey towards uncovering his inner beauty and power. Regularly chanting fulfills all aspirations of the devotees. These mantras manifest the different qualities of Surya such as will-power, fame, general vitality, courage, kingship and authority etc. in one’s daily life. However, certain rules need to be kept in mind during chanting to get the above mentioned results to the fullest.
How to Chant Surya Mantra
- Sundays are most auspicious for the worship of Lord Surya, so one should try to start chanting on this day.
- The prayer should always be started before sunrise.
- One should pray with incense and fresh flowers.
- The mind should be devoid be any negative thoughts so that one could be welcoming to the positive vibrations that come from chanting the Surya Mantras.
Therefore, the magnificent power of Lord Surya to create a life of abundance & fame with prosperity & austerity can be achieved by recitation of the different Surya Mantras. Each Mantra has its own special power and grants particular blessings, so one’s personal needs should help one decide which mantras he needs to chant. These mantras are just all our human efforts that are realized thanks to the grace of Sun God who is the Protector of mankind and all other living beings residing on the face of the earth.