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Sankat Mochan Temple is dedicated to the Lord Hanuman. This temple is also called as the Monkey temple because of the presence of lot of monkeys inside the premises. It is one of the holy temples of the Lord Hanuman and the main location for Hindus for their many religious as well as cultural festivals. It is located in the southern part of the Varanasi, on the way to the Durga Mandir and New Vishwanath temple BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The meaning of the Sankat Mochan is relief from all the problems (Sankat means problem and Mochan means relief giver). Sankat Mochan Temple was constructed by the educationist and freedom fighter Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya (the founder of the BHU) in the early 1900s. The Hanuman Jayanti (birthday of the Lord Hanuman) is celebrated every year by organizing a special Shobha Yatra (a parade) from Durga temple (Durga Kund) to the Sankat Mochan Temple.
The devotees of the Lord Hanuman offer Prasad (desi ghee ke basan ke ladoo) and Sindoor on the statue to the Lord Hanuman which is saled in the campus of the temple. They also decorate the idol of the Lord Hanuman with the flower garland. The temple of the Sankat Mochan has unique feature by having the idol of Lord Hanuman in front of his Lord Rama (whom he is always dedicated in unselfish manner).
Sankat Mochan, Varanasi;
It is considered that the temple was built from the time when Goswami Tulsidas had a vision of the Hanuman. The temple was established by the great saint Goswami Tulsidas (the author of the Ramacharitamanas). The Ramcharitamanas is the Hindi edition of the Hindu epic Ramayana which was initially written by the Valmiki. Sankat Mochan Foundation was started by the Veer Bhadra Mishra (the high priest of the temple) in 1982. Veer Bhadra Mishra was working for cleaning and protecting the holy River Gange. This project was financed by the U. S. and the Swedish governments. Veer Bhadra Mishra was the previous chief of the Department of Civil Engineering in the IIT, BHU, Varanasi.
7th March 2006 leave a very bad impression on the devotees of the Lord Hanuman. At that day, one of the three explosions took place there and hit the temple. We lost so much on that explosion. That event was happened while the aarti was going on and affected the several worshippers and wedding participators. The most important thing to know is that, the temple was full of devotees on the next day of the explosion. The permanent police security is there after the terrorist event of 2007.
By Road: You can reach to the temple by hiring a car or by taking auto rickshaw. Sankat Mochan Temple is located about 11 km from the railway station of Varanasi and same distance from roadways bus stand and 3 km from the BHU. You can easily reach the temple from any where in Varanasi as there is very good facility of Auto rickshaw at every location just ask driver the way to reach he will guide your clearly.
By Rail: You can take auto rickshaw for Sankat Mochan directly from Banaras railway station or roadways bus stand, it will charge Rs 15 and will take 45 minutes to reach.
By Air: The Temple can be reached through nearest Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport which is well connected with regular domestic flights to Delhi, Mumbai.
This temple Opening & Closing times is 5.00 AM and 10.00 PM. During this period major part of the Lord Hanuman rituals are performed. Archana, Aarti and Abhisekham are the daily pujas performed.
The Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh (classical music and dance concert celebration) takes place every year in the month of April. In this celebration, great musicians and performers from all across the India come to take part. First time this festival was celebrated 88 years ago. This event attracts huge crowd at the temple. In the 2009, the vocalist Pandit Jasraj and Kathak model Pandit Birju Maharaj took part in the celebration.
The 2010 concert was spread over five days, during which artists like, Pandit Jasraj, Sunanda Patnayak, Pt. Channulal Mishra, Pt. Rajan-Sajan Mishra and Pt. Amar Nath Mishra performed. In 2015 concert famous Pakistani-ghazal singer Ustad Ghulam Ali performed at Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh.
The Sankat Mochan Foundation (SMF) was established in 1982 by Veer Bhadra Mishra, the Mahant (High priest) of the temple, and has been working for cleaning and protecting the Ganges river. Its projects are funded in part by aid from the U. S. and Swedish governments. Mishra was formerly former Head of the Civil Engineering Department at the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi [IIT(BHU)]
and was awarded United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the “Global 500 Roll of Honour” in1992, and later the TIME magazine’s “Hero of the Planet” award in 1999.
The foundation has been working with Australia-based environmental group, Oz Greene, under a programme called “Swatcha Ganga Abhiyan” for over 25 years. It celebrated its silver jubilee on 3–4 November 2007, with two-day event which concluded at the Tulsi Ghat, on the Ganges.